Ultimate Servanthood

Before you get started in this study, let me just say that this is a very long and involved work.  Therefore, you will just see the chapter headings, represented as a link.  Click on the link and a pdf of the material for that chapter will appear.

  • Matthew 16:24 NKJV says; “Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me.”” 
  • 1 Corinthians 15:31; “I affirm, by boasting in you which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily.” 

As we are here, taking up space on this earth, we Christians talk about being servants.  But are we really serving, or is it just talk?  This is an overview of what the greatest servant this world had ever witnessed had to endure.  The following depicts what the Lord suffered as He fulfilled the plan of salvation for all of humanity, even death upon a cross.

The emphasis of this study is to bring focus and clarity to the events that impacted the Lord Jesus Christ, starting approximately one week prior to the crucifixion and continuing through to His death and burial.  Many scholars and commentaries refer to the week prior to the Lord’s death as the Passion Week.

There is one note before getting started.  The dates that are shown are based upon the Old Testament reference in Exodus 12:2, where the LORD GOD is speaking to Moses and Aaron, saying:

This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.”

The context of this verse is in reference to the establishment of the Passover Feast and the Feast of Unleavened Bread.  These feasts were implemented to remind the Israelites of their deliverance from bondage to the Egyptians.  The first month of the Jewish calendar was originally named Abib (or Aviv), but has since been changed and is now called Nissan (or Nisan).  Throughout this study, the first month of the year will be referred to as Abib.

The Jewish nation distinguishes it’s days, not from midnight to midnight as the Gregorian calendar does, but from sunset to sunset.  This comes from  Genesis 1:5, “And God called the light Day, and the darkness He call Night.  And the evening and the morning were the first day.”  To this day, the Jewish people start their Sabbath at sunset on Friday evening and end at sunset on Saturday.  This is extremely important when trying to place the proper timing upon the last week of Jesus’ life, especially referring to the day of crucifixion. 

I.  The 7th/8th of Abib – 6 days to Passover – Thurs. 

Mary anoints Jesus’ feet.

II.  The 8th/9th of Abib – 5 days to Passover – Fri.

The triumphal entry into Jerusalem.

III.  The 9th/10th of Abib – 4 days to Passover – Sat. 

Cursing the fig tree and clearing the temple.

IV.  The 10th /11th of Abib – 3 days to Passover – Sun.

The withered fig tree and teaching in the temple.

V.  The 11th /12th of Abib – 2 days to Passover – Mon.

Anointed again at Bethany.

VI.  The 12th/13th of Abib – 1 day to Passover – Tues.

Nothing documented in the Scriptures for this day.

VII.  The 13th/14th of Abib – Preparation Day & the Passover Meal – Wed.

Preparation and the Passover meal.

Betrayal is announced.

The first communion.

Jesus washes the feet of His disciples.

Still teaching just hours before His death.

Worship in spite of your circumstances.

Denial and scattering of the flock.

In the Garden of Gethsemane.

Betrayed with a kiss and arrested.

VIII.  The 14th of Abib – Passover day – Thurs.

Standing before Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin.

Handed over to Roman authority.

Barabbas released, but Jesus flogged.

A crown of thorns, a robe and a reed.

The journey to Golgotha.

Crucified with two others.

Adding insult to injury.

Jesus becomes sin.

It is finished – Paid in full!

The burial of Jesus.

IX.  The 15th of Abib – Day of Preparation – First Day of the Feast                      of Unleavened Bread – Fri.

X.  The 17th of Abib – Christ is risen from the grave!! – Sunday

Jesus fulfills His own words from Matthew 12:40, saying:  “For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.”  All four gospel accounts declare that Jesus was raised on the first day of the week.  Matthew’s account is even more specific in 28:1 – “Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn . . .”  Tradition has taught us that Jesus was buried on Friday and risen on Sunday, but clearly that cannot be the case, as that would only include two nights in the grave.  Tradition is a very difficult thing to argue with, even when it is wrong!  The key to this is counting the number of nights, not the days.  There are at least 10 references in the New Testament that tell us Jesus was raised on the third day, meaning that he was not in the tomb during the entire third day.  This is a Jewish concept called “inclusive reckoning,” which is used in a couple of different places in the Scriptures.